The electric vehicle market is growing in Europe. Between January and May 2015, registrations were up 52.5% compared to the same period in 2014, with 35,283 registrations recorded.
As a showcase for trends, SOLUTRANS 2015 (from 17th to 21st November at LYON Eurexpo) will address the challenges of electromobility and present a range of existing solutions .
ELECTROMOBILITY: A GROWING MARKET SUPPORTED BY PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
An ecosystem based on the use of electricity as the vehicle operating model, electromobility contributes to better air quality, improves the energy efficiency of vehicles and reduces dependence on other forms of energy. This ecosystem brings together manufacturers, recharging devices and user services.
Showing strong global growth, particularly in the United States, the electromobility market also shows a good level of growth in Europe, of around 60% annually since 2010 in France. Today, the French fleet consists of between 55,000 and 60,000 electric vehicles.
Governments strongly support this market, especially in France and Germany, where development plans have been rolled out with high ambitions:
- By 2020, France aspires for 24% of the French fleet to be comprised of hybrid and electric vehicles, representing close to 550,000 units, of which 16% will be electric.
- Meanwhile, Germany aims to get 1 million electric cars on German roads by 2020.
SUPPORT TO ENCOURAGE THE GROWTH OF ELECTROMOBILITY
Electric vehicles still encounter many obstacles to reaching a mass market, such as lack of autonomy, confidence in being able to recharge easily, plug compatibility, the number of charging points and the cost to purchase.
Schemes are being implemented by governments to minimise these constraints and promote the use of electric vehicles. In 2013, under the Future Investments Program, operated by the ADEME, the state launched an aid scheme to provide financial support to cities, municipal associations and French regions in order for them to deploy a charging infrastructure. This project has already funded a dozen projects enabling over 5,000 charging points to be deployed across the country.
TRANSPORT AND ELECTRIC MOBILITY: GROWING TECHNOLOGIES
The increased use of electric and hybrid vehicles is primarily the case for commercial vehicles which are used over short distances, for example, vans or utility vehicles, which are used for the delivery of the last kilometre.
To cope with the constraints of autonomy and recharging related to the transition of diesel and regular combustion power, solutions are being developed in different countries.
In Sweden, discussions are underway to equip trucks with a pantograph and enable electrical traction, as used in the tram system.
Bombardier, as part of its PRIMOVE project, offers a wireless technology that allows electric vehicles to be propelled contactlessly.
This is based on a high power inductive transfer energy transfer between components under the road and the receiver installed under the vehicles. Electric vehicles can be recharged quickly, while in motion (dynamic charging) or stationary (static charging).
Some manufacturers are working on the development of fuel cell electric vehicles powered by a hydrogen tank.
Finally, one of the last avenues supported by the PFA (Automotive Industry & Mobility) is the self-driving or connected vehicle. This type of vehicle responds to four challenges: security, public transport deficit in some areas, better traffic management and improved accessibility for the elderly and disabled. A goal for the future is to get autonomous vehicles for all to market by 2020!
Electromobility honoured at SOLUTRANS
For the first time, at SOLUTRANS, e-mobility Village will be highlighted, thanks to economic players and strategic French and German institutions.
Here are just some of the companies and organisations who will be present:
- AVERE France
- Banden-Württemberg International
- E-mobil B.W.
- ERAI Allemagne GmbH
- LUTB Transport & Mobility Systems
- Rhône-Alpes Automotive Cluster
As part of the day dedicated to the Country of Honour, Germany, on Thursday 19th November, an economic round table on the theme "Electric commercial vehicles in urban areas: a booming Franco-German strategic market" will be held that day, from 3.45pm/5.15pm on the TV stage.
During this 13th edition of the show, focus will be put on vehicle energy efficiency, adapting to an increasingly urbanised environment and the emergence of new needs for mobility and connectivity on board vehicles.
It aims to provide information on the Franco-German joint initiatives already underway and thus encourage electric mobility in urban environments in Europe.