A robust and proven methodology :
To anticipate the long-term powertrain mix of heavy commercial vehicles, BIPE developed a mathematical modelling-focussed approach based on using the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of future powertrains. The principles of this approach are proven and acknowledged, and similar to those used in the annual work carried out for the automotive sector (the WAPO model). The TCO variables used in the model were constructed with the aid of a consortium of participants from the upstream (manufacturers, equipment suppliers) and downstream (commercial vehicle purchasers, energy suppliers) sectors. The cost assumptions communicated to BIPE by each participant were subject to strict confidentiality: only the aggregated and averaged assumptions were share.
Segmentations considered :
• The VIsion'Air model is built for an aggregated geographical perimeter corresponding to Europe. As such, the segmentation chosen is that defined by Europe in its VECTO tool, measuring heavy goods vehicle emissions, making it possible to calculate the trend in CO2 emissions in compliance with the European standard.