Heavy goods vehicles and urban vehicles, the changing face of basic training and employment

It is estimated that the sector currently has more than 40,000 vacant positions to be filled immediately. In transport, industry and services and from production to operation, every segment suffers from an overstretched employment market and a shortage of appropriate skills. On the periphery of basic education curriculums, how do professionals go about finding their human resources, and more importantly, the best qualified?

Training and jobs are two of the biggest challenges in our professions. Industry figures have picked up on this and are implementing a wide range of measures to address them.

 

A SECTOR UNDER EMPLOYMENT PRESSURE

The heavy-duty and urban vehicle industry is a big job provider and is consequently seeking to nurture vocations. In the fields of haulage and heavyduty vehicle manufacturing and repair alone, the sector employs approximately 550,000 people. Road transport has the biggest demand for labour: here, 420,000 employees work for 37,200 firms, 90% with fewer than 10 employees. Headcounts have increased by 3.4% over the past five years. 95% of workers have permanent
contracts (as against a national average of 88%). This population is young, since 54% of employees in road freight transport are under 40. All professional truck drivers receive vocational training in addition to their driving licence.
On a tangent with haulage companies is the sale and repair of heavy-duty vehicles, a sector that employs 24,170 people with an average age of 39, to maintain a fleet estimated at 400,000 heavy goods vehicles (excluding light
commercial vehicles). Industrial bodywork, an essential and complementary sector to the two previous ones, represents 1 000 firms. The majority of these businesses are hiring, and occasionally experience difficulties in filling all their
jobs. Currently, it is estimated that there are around 40,000 positions immediately available. As a result, every business implements its own strategy, whilst trade bodies offer their support on this key subject.

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QUALIFICATION-BASED EDUCATION IN INDUSTRIAL BODYWORK

With the Brevet de technicien supérieur (higher technical certificate) in bodywork design and manufacture, in just two years, professionals become capable of working at all stages from the design to the delivery of vehicles (design, organisation of manufacturing, production, assembly and inspection, homologation). These are specialists in the design, manufacture and conversion of vehicle bodywork, chassis and exterior and interior fittings. They are tasked with optimising and inspecting output. They can work in design offices, process offices, on the production line or in quality control. The course lasts two years.
The Bac Professionnel (professional baccalaureate) in Bodywork construction, lasting three years, enables the holder to become a workshop technician. Within the construction team, their job consists of contributing to all levels of design ranging from preparation to production and quality inspection.
At the end of the three-year course, students will master conversion, fittings, product analysis, design, stock maintenance and equipment management.
Finally, the CAP (professional proficiency certificate) in bodywork construction is a two-year course offering students the opportunity of working in a firm as an operator and thereby contribute to the manufacture or conversion of chassis and bodywork.
They will be involved in the assembly of undercarriages, fittings, accessories and their connection. Beyond this, permanent training enables professionals become versed in new technologies which are increasingly present in their job.